Weinfelder Maar Frühling Panorama, © Rheinland-Pfalz Tourismus GmbH / D. Ketz

The Eifel maars

The water-filled maars are the symbol of the volcanic Eifel. But what is actually a maar?

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The term “maar” is taken from the Latin “mare” (sea) and is used to describe the funnel-shaped volcano type created from water vapour eruptions which have “exploded into” the landscape and which outwardly often takes on a key-like shape.


During the initial creation phase of a maar, rising magma meets aquiferous stone layers which leads to massive explosions. The surrounding stone, together with the magma, is shattered into tiny fragments and is hurled out of the explosion funnel.


In the area at the centre of the explosion, a hollow chamber is formed which overflows out of an explosion vent. Due to the fact that the stone formed over the hollow chamber breaks down, the explosion vent becomes a collapsed or maar funnel. After the volcanic activity has died down, the funnel fills with water.


Overall, over 70 maar volcanoes have been counted. Ten maars are still filled with water today, while the others have already silted over.

Luftbild Eichholzmaar, © H. Gassen

Eichholzmaar Steffeln

Steffeln

The Eichholzmaar is one of the smaller maars in the district Vulkaneifel.

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Blick auf das Gemündener Marr und Dronketurm, © Eifel Tourismus GmbH, D. Ketz

Gemündener Maar

Daun

The Gemünden maar is lined up along a fissure running SE to NW. About 20,000 to 30,000 years ago they erupted and Gemünden Maar lake was formed.

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Mäarchen Naturwaldpfad, © GesundLand Vulkaneifel

Holzmaar, Dürres Maar, Hetsche Määrchen

Eckfeld

The youngest of this group of three maar lakes is the Holzmaar. It is the mostly researched maar lake in the Eifel.
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Immerather Maar im Sommer, © GesundLand Vulkaneifel

Immerather Maar

Immerath

the hidden maar.

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Jungfernweiher von oben, © GesundLand Vulkaneifel/D. Ketz

Jungferweiher

Ulmen

a once again flooded former dry maar.

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Blick ins Meerfelder Maar, © Eifel Tourismus GmbH

Meerfelder Maar

Meerfeld

The view from the lookout tower “Landesblick” is impressive: The Maar lake glistens around 200 metres below, gently embedded in the largest Maar funnel in the Eifel. However, only part of the 1,700 metres long basin is covered with water.

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Blick auf das fast kreisrunde Pulvermaar, © Eifel Tourismus GmbH

Pulvermaar

Gillenfeld

the storybook maar.

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Blick vom Maarkreuz aufs Schalkenmehrener Maar, © Eifel Tourismus GmbH, D. Ketz

Schalkenmehrener Maar

Schalkenmehren

Especially if you visit the GesundLand Vulkaneifel in summer, a detour to the Schalkenmehren Maar is a must. Located directly at the village of the same name and opposite the Weinfelder Maar, the Schalkenmehrener Maar is one of the three Dauner Maars and offers a wonderful backdrop for an extended walk or an extensive hike…

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Blick von oben auf das Ulmener Maar, © GesundLand Vulkaneifel/D. Ketz

Ulmener Maar

Ulmen

the baby among the Eifel maars.

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Sonnenaufgang am Weinfelder Maar, © Eifel Tourismus GmbH, D. Ketz

Weinfelder Maar

Daun

also called Totenmaar [maar of the dead] The Weinfelder Maar is considered the "symbol of the Eifel melancholy". Gentle slopes, on which the Eifel gold - popularly known as "Besenginster"grows and shines in early summer, around the mostly turquoise shimmering water…

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